A curriculum is the foundation for effective teaching. Based on knowledge of the target group, it determines the aspect or aspects of their lives that the learning programme aims to enlighten, then sets a vision for the target group which they will become at the end of their learning programme. This vision is translated into learning outcomes, and the learning outcomes are broken into subjects. The best way, strategy or approach to teach this topic and the best way of measuring progress is established with reasons and explanations.
Once those are established and agreed upon, then comes the easier task of listing the topics that are to be covered under each subject ensuring that they will lead towards accomplishing the above-mentioned vision. This is referred to as ‘Syllabus design’. Under this endeavour, the time-frame, time of year and assessments are also determined.
The syllabus is then zoomed onto carefully and translated into a weekly Scheme of Work, which is the teaching and learning plan for each week to come in the term, including practicalities like page number, homework assigning and supplementary material etc.
The three should not be confused as one does not substitute for the other. It is important that the three documents are produced before rolling out a programme, especially the first two. for implementing the syllabus before establishing a curriculum is akin to taking medicine before diagnosing the illness.
If you prefer to adopt an existing curriculum and syllabus, ensure that they are suitable for your target group and establish their strengths and weaknesses.
The article below provides advice on how to go about creating your own curriculum.
For a tutorial on curriculum design, see here: //www.youtube.com/watch?v=wm9G1ofQA84
You learn many skills in teacher training, but how to design an exciting curriculum is not usually one of them, writes teacher Kate Bohdanowicz in this week’s issue of TES.
This is unfortunate, she says, because constantly reviewing and updating a school curriculum ensures that teaching is relevant and informed by the latest research.
Thankfully, help is now at hand in the form of the Grand Curriculum Designs project. Run by the IoE and the Royal Society of Arts (RSA), the project has set out to support 60 participating schools in designing their own unique curricula. Those schools share the benefits of their experience here in a handy 14-point plan:
1) Know what you want to achieve
Before you consider what you deliver and how you’re going to deliver it, think about the purpose of your curriculum. How does it link with your school’s vision?
2) Forget the national curriculum at first
Use the values and aims of the school as a starting point and find out what parents, children and staff think is important and interesting. Bring the national curriculum in later and see how it could fit.
3) Have a clear definition of success
Consider what a “successful learner” looks like and think about how the curriculum can be redesigned to focus on the way that students learn, as well as what they learn.
4) Concentrate on competencies
It is tempting to focus entirely on what you want your students to “know” through the curriculum, but it is just as important to work on what they can do.
5) Learn from other schools
Find out about curricula in other countries and visit local schools to share ideas. It is easy to get stuck in your own bubble; looking outwards can bring ideas and self-reflection.
6) Work with your community
“A curriculum that is solely controlled by teachers is just as damaging as a curriculum that’s controlled by politicians,” Joe Hallgarten, director of education at the RSA. “If schools are given the freedom to develop their curricula, they need to work in partnership with their community to do that.”
7) Get pupils’ opinions
Children are less likely to be passive learners if they have a say in what they study, so get them involved in curriculum planning.
8) Engage with the local environment
One of the participating schools in Devon was close to the coast yet a lot of its children had never visited the beach. So the new curriculum factored in seaside trips and taught them about the local area.
9) Take your time
Redesigning a curriculum is not a quick fix. If it’s going to be exciting, you need time to think as well as space to take risks.
10) Include families
Engaging parents makes them feel more involved in their children’s education. Ask their opinions and you will probably receive some great ideas.
11) Create cross-curricular links
“I wouldn’t have had the confidence to join up so many things before,” says one teacher from a school in London that incorporated science topics into a scheme about the Great Fire of London. “The children absolutely loved it.”
12) Be innovative
Schools should not be afraid to make bold choices and to test-drive extreme ideas in the pursuit of a curriculum that meets the interests of all learners.
13) Measure the impact
After each scheme of work, it is essential for schools to explore students’ and staff members’ reactions to it and to adjust future planning accordingly.
14) Keep on moving
To design an innovative curriculum, you should do away with a fixed mindset. One teacher says that their new curriculum aims to get children ready for a world that is constantly changing. “A lot of the jobs they’ll go on to do don’t even exist yet,” she says. “We need to prepare them to be learners in any context.”
Read Original article: //www.tes.com/news/school-news/tes-professional/14-tips-creating-your-own-curriculum